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专升本公共英语之——虚拟语气(下)

2016-01-18 15:55:00   来源:河南新世纪教导中间    浏览次数:

1,混淆虚拟语气(以后提状语从句表示的行动和主句表示的行动所产生的时间不分歧时,被称为:错综时间条件句,动词的情势要根据它所表示的时间来调剂.)
If you had practiced speaking English every day, you would speak English well enough. (从句说的是之前,主句指的是如今)
假设你现在每天都演习说英语的话,你的英语就会说得很好.
 
2委宛虚拟语气(有时假定的条件不经过过程条件句表达出来,而隐含在某些介词短语:如without,but for 等,或高低文,这中句子属于委宛虚拟语气)
Without air, there would be no living things.
相当于:If there were no air, there would be no living things.
But for your help, I couldn’t have done it.
相当于:If you had not helped me, I couldn’t have done it.
 
3虚拟语气的倒装:假设条件状语从句的谓语中有were, had或should,便可以倒装。
将were, had或should放到句首,谓语主语之前, if去掉落。变成”were/had/should+主语”的情势。假设从句没有were, had或should,就不克不及倒装。 ere, had或should放到句首,谓语主语之前, if去掉落。
If I were to do it, I’d do it some other way.→ Were I to do it, I`d do it some other way.
If you should fail, try again.→ Should you fail, try again.
If you came tomorrow, we would have the meeting.这句话不克不及倒装.
并且,在虚拟条件状语从句中,省略了if的倒装情势的句首不克不及用动词的缩略情势.如:
Were it not for the expense, I would go to Italy.
但不克不及说: Weren`t it for the expense, I would go to Italy.
 


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